The Wars of Afghanistan: Messianic Terrorism, Tribal Conflicts, and the Failures of Great Powers

الغلاف الأمامي
PublicAffairs, 10‏/12‏/2013 - 912 من الصفحات
As Ambassador and Special Envoy on Afghanistan from 1989 to 1992, Peter Tomsen has had close relationships with Afghan leaders and has dealt with senior Taliban, warlords, and religious leaders involved in the region's conflicts over the last two decades. Now Tomsen draws on a rich trove of never-before-published material to shed new light on the American involvement in the long and continuing Afghan war.

This book offers a deeply informed perspective on how Afghanistan's history as a "shatter zone" for foreign invaders and its tribal society have shaped the modern Afghan narrative. It brings to life the appallingly misinformed secret operations by foreign intelligence agencies, including the Soviet NKVD and KGB, the Pakistani ISI, and the CIA.

American policy makers, Tomsen argues, still do not understand Afghanistan; nor do they appreciate how the CIA's covert operations and the Pentagon's military strategy have strengthened extremism in the country. At this critical time, he shows how the U.S. and the coalition it leads can assist the region back to peace and stability.


List of Maps
Wahhabi Emirate
Tribe and Mosque
Modernizing Monarchs
Battle for Kabul April 2528 1992
Irreconcilable Policies
From Marx to Mullahs
From One War to the Next
ISIOrganized Taliban Offensives from Pakistani Sanctuaries 19942000
Unholy Alliance
Between the Lions
Yankee Meets Tribesman

Red Sunrise
Commissar Meets Tribesman
Big Fox Catches Little
Green Dawn
Ethnic Groups in Afghanistan
Insubordinate Puppets
The Soviet Invasion and Occupation of Afghanistan
The Generals Vision
Islamic Extremist Footholds in Border Areas 19881989
Desperately Seeking Moderates
From Victory to Stalemate
ISIOrganized Insurgent Counterattacks from Pakistani Sanctuaries 2005
Real Change
The Way Ahead
The Durrani Royal Dynasty
Mission Impossible
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نبذة عن المؤلف (2013)

Peter Tomsen was President George H.W. Bush's Special Envoy on Afghanistan with the rank of Ambassador from 1989 to 1992. Tomsen entered the Foreign Service in 1967 and served in Thailand, Vietnam, China, and the Soviet Union. He was United States Deputy Chief of Mission in China from 1986 to 1989, deputy Assistant Secretary for East Asian Affairs from 1992 to 1995, and the American Ambassador to Armenia from 1995 to 1998. He lives in Virginia with his wife.

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